Home page of

Karin M. Rabe

Directory information

  Position: Faculty
  Research group: Condensed Matter Theory
  Email address: rabe@physics.rutgers.edu
  Telephone: (848) 445-9030 phone, (732) 445-4400 fax
  Office: Serin E265
  Mailing address: Karin Rabe
Department of Physics and Astronomy
Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey
136 Frelinghuysen Road
Piscataway, NJ 08854-8019 USA

Research Activities

Chemical and structural complexity has proved to be an critical factor in producing a variety of fascinating properties of solids, including ferroelectricity, large piezoelectric and dielectric responses, and multiferroicity in metals and insulators, as well as quasicrystallinity and high-temperature superconductivity. The research in my group currently centers on the theoretical investigation of ferroelectrics and related materials, and of magnetic and nonmagnetic martensites. First-principles density-functional methods are used both directly and in the construction of first-principles effective Hamiltonians for theoretical prediction and analysis of properties of materials, both real and as-yet hypothetical, in bulk and thin film forms.

Links to recent review articles

"Antiferroelectricity in oxides: a reexamination," in Functional Metal Oxides: New Science and Novel Applications, ed. by Satish Ogale and V. Venkateshan, published by Wiley (2013). link
"First-principles calculations of complex metal-oxide materials," Annual Review of Condensed Matter Physics, Vol. 1: 211-235 (2010) link

Some reported experimental confirmations of our first-principles predictions

experimental confirmation: "Negative-pressure-induced enhancement in a freestanding ferroelectric," Jin Wang, Ben Wylie-van Eerd, Tomas Sluka, Cosmin Sandu, Marco Cantoni, Xian-Kui Wei, Alexander Kvasov, Leo John McGilly, Pascale Gemeiner, Brahim Dkhil, Alexander Tagantsev, Joe Trodahl and Nava Setter, Nature Materials 14, 985–990 (2015).
featured in
Nature Materials News and Views:
"Ferroelectrics: The positives of going negative," Darrell G. Schlom & Craig J. Fennie, Nature Materials 14, 969–970 (2015).
Physics Today Search and Discovery: "Freestanding solids get stretched," Johanna L. Miller, Phys. Today 68, 10, 15 (2015).
theoretical prediction:
"Anomalous enhancement of tetragonality in PbTiO3 induced by negative pressure," S. Tinte, K. M. Rabe & D. Vanderbilt, Phys. Rev. B 68, 144105 (2003).

experimental confirmation:
"Strain-induced magnetic phase transition in SrCoO3−δ thin films," S. J. Callori, S. Hu, J. Bertinshaw, Z. J. Yue, S. Danilkin, X. L. Wang, V. Nagarajan, F. Klose, J. Seidel, and C. Ulrich, Phys. Rev. B 91, 140405(R) - Published 10 April 2015.
theoretical prediction: "Coupled magnetic-ferroelectric metal-insulator transition in epitaxially strained SrCoO3 from first principles," Jun Hee Lee and Karin M. Rabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 107, 067601 - Published 3 August 2011

experimental confirmation: "Strong spin-phonon coupling in infrared and Raman spectra of SrMnO3," S. Kamba, V. Goian, V. Skoromets, J. Hejtmánek, V. Bovtun, M. Kempa, F. Borodavka, P. Vaněk, A. A. Belik, J. H. Lee, O. Pacherová, and K. M. Rabe, Phys. Rev. B 89, 064308 – Published 25 February 2014
theoretical prediction: "Large spin-phonon coupling and magnetically induced phonon anisotropy in SrMO3 perovskites (M=V,Cr,Mn,Fe,Co),"
Jun Hee Lee and Karin M. Rabe, Phys. Rev. B 84, 104440 (2011) - Published 23 September 2011

experimental confirmation:
"A strong ferroelectric ferromagnet created by means of spin-lattice coupling,"  June Hyuk Lee, Lei Fang, Eftihia Vlahos, Xianglin Ke, Young Woo Jung, Lena Fitting Kourkoutis, Jong-Woo Kim, Philip J. Ryan, Tassilo Heeg, Martin Roeckerath, Veronica Goian, Margitta Bernhagen, Reinhard Uecker, P. Chris Hammel, Karin M. Rabe, Stanislav Kamba, Juergen Schubert, John W. Freeland, David A. Muller, Craig J. Fennie, Peter Schiffer, Venkatraman Gopalan, Ezekiel Johnston-Halperin & Darrell G. Schlom, Nature 466, 954-958 (19 August 2010)
theoretical prediction: "Magnetic and electric phase control in epitaxial EuTiO3 from first principles," Craig J. Fennie and Karin M. Rabe, Phys. Rev. Lett. 97, 267602 - Published 29 December 2006

Current and recent members of the Rutgers Electronic Structure Group

Heung-sik Kim Google Scholar Citations
Michele Kotiuga Google Scholar Citations
Xiaohui Liu
John Bonini
Bartomeu Monserrat Google Scholar Citations
Cyrus Dreyer Google Scholar Citations
Se Young Park (October 2016)
Meng Ye (September 2016) Google Scholar Citations
Jialan Zhang (September 2016) Google Scholar Citations
Joseph Bennett (April 2016) Google Scholar Citations

Further Information

Current CV, with publication list

Please send any comments on this page to rabe@physics.rutgers.edu.

Revised 2 October 2016