Research

I am a sixth year Ph.D. candidate working with Alyson Brooks. I use cosmological simulations to study galaxies that are difficult to study with telescopes: the small, the dim, and the diffuse. All of the simulations that I use are run with N-body+SPH code Gasoline or its newer cousin, ChaNGa. Since 2016, my research has been funded by an ACM SIGHPC/Intel Computational & Data Science Fellowship.

Dwarf Galaxies

Stream of gas from merging galaxies (lower right) strikes dwarf galaxy (center; virial radius indicated by white circle), reigniting star formation
Stream of gas from merging galaxies (lower right) strikes dwarf galaxy (center; virial radius indicated by white circle), causing neutral hydrogen (HI) to build up and eventually reigniting star formation. Click for larger version of gif.

I investigate dwarf galaxies that are initially quenched by reionization, but which resume star formation at least 2 Gyr later. In our simulations, star formation is restarted in these galaxies when they are struck by a stream of gas, typically either thrown off during a nearby merger (as in the above gif) or simply hanging off of a neighboring galaxy. If the ram pressure exerted by the stream is within the right range, some of the gas in the hot halo of the dwarf is compressed onto its disk, forming neutral hydrogen (HI) and, eventually, stars. I am interested in how the gas within dwarf galaxies evolves and, in particular, the role that environment plays in shaping their gas accretion and star formation histories.

Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies

Stream of gas from merging galaxies (lower right) strikes dwarf galaxy (center; virial radius indicated by white circle), reigniting star formation
Formation of a field ultra-diffuse galaxy in the Romulus25 cosmological simulation. An early merger causes star formation in the galaxy to migrate to its outskirts, reducing its central surface brightness and increasing its size. Click for a full version of the movie with gas.

Ultra-diffuse galaxies (UDGs) are galaxies that are both exceptionally large (reff > 1.5 kpc) and exceptionally low surface brightness (μ 0 > 24 mag/arcsec2). Although originally discovered in clusters, they have also been observed in the field, which suggests that it is not purely the violence of the cluster environment that creates them. However, it turns out that a galaxy that is isolated now didn't necessarily spend its entire life alone. The field UDGs that form within the Romulus25 cosmological simulation are primarily the products of relatively early major mergers that caused their star formation to migrate outward. I am interested in the properties and origins of these galaxies and other members of the low surface brightness galaxy family.

Publications

(6) The Formation of Isolated Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies in Romulus25
Wright, A.C., Tremmel, M., Brooks, A., Munshi, F., Nagai, D., Sharma, R.S., & Quinn, T.R., 2020, submitted to MNRAS, arXiv:2005.07634

(5) Black Hole Growth and Feedback in Isolated Romulus25 Dwarf Galaxies
Sharma, R.S., Brooks, A., Somerville, R.S., Tremmel, M., Bellovary, J., Wright, A.C., & Quinn, T.R., 2019, submitted to ApJ, arXiv:1912.06646

(4) The Formation of Ultra-Diffuse Galaxies from Passive Evolution in the RomulusC Galaxy Cluster Simulation
Tremmel, M., Wright, A.C., Brooks, A.M., Munshi, F., Nagai, D., & Quinn, T.R., 2019, submitted to MNRAS, arXiv:1908.05684

(3) Reignition of Star Formation in Dwarf Galaxies
Wright, A.C., Brooks, A.M., Weisz, D.R., & Christensen, C.R., 2019, MNRAS, 482(1):1176, arXiv:1802.03019

(2) Simulating Radiative Magnetohydrodynamical Flows with AstroBEAR: Implementation and Applications of Non-equilibrium Cooling
Hansen, E., Hartigan, P., Frank, A., Wright, A., & Raymond, J., 2018, MNRAS, 481(3):3098, arXiv:1809.02207

(1) A New Diagnostic of Magnetic Field Strengths in Radiatively Cooled Shocks
Hartigan, P. & Wright, A., 2015, ApJ, 811(1):12, arXiv:1508:05409

About Me

Demonstrating how smoke rings are made for a second grade class
Demonstrating how smoke rings are made for a class of second graders in Newark

I received my B.S. in Astrophysics from Rice University in 2014. While at Rutgers, I have served on the Graduate Student Organization (GSO) and the Graduate Student Life Committee, helped to organize visits for prospective students, and participated in K-12 outreach. In my spare time, I enjoy reading, hiking, and the occasional bit of recreational coding.

Contact

Feel free to send me an email at awright*at*physics.rutgers.edu or visit my office in Serin Physics Building Rm W332.