Physics 123-124, Summer 2014

Textbook

University Physics, Young and Freedman, Volume 1, 13 ed., (ISBN 978-0-321-73338-2) and the Student Solutions Manual (ISBN 978-0-321-69668-7). I will not use Mastering Physics so a used copy is OK. If you are planning on taking Physics 227-228, it might be economical for you to buy University Physics, Extended Edition, with Mastering Physics. Volume 1 contains Chapters 1-20, Volume 2 is Chapters 21-37, Volume 3 is Chapters 37-44, the extended edition is Chapters 1-44. "Mastering Physics" is the publisher's web-based resource. It is not used in this summer course but all the other instructors do use it.

Note: if you have the 12th edition, that will be fine. I can email you a file that correlates the problem numbers between the 12th and 13th editions. A small number of problems have changed quantities in the problems but you can deal with that.

Prerequisites

Calculus is a pre- or co- requisite. Derivatives and integrals of functions that we use will be relatively simple and not used until we get to Periodic Motion. Some calculus will be used in select, interesting, cases before Periodic Motion but you won't be responsible for those. Needless to say, the prerequites to calculus (algebra, trigonometry, basic geometry) must be mastered.

It would be very helpful to have had a good high school physics course. This course will be very fast and hard if it's your first one.

Vector algebra will be covered in class as needed, however, it would be helpful for you to review beforehand. Given the magnitude and direction of a vector, you should be able to give its components - and vice-versa. You should be able to add vectors and take the scalar and vector products of two vectors.

Over the summer, we will cover Chapters 1 through 20. This dictates a pace of one chapter per class meeting. In no other course will new ideas come faster. Be prepared to commit the time this course will require. If you are not very well-prepared, this course alone will be almost a full load.

Syllabus

List of Topics 123

We will start with algebraic and graphical descriptions of a particle in motion in one dimension. We will find the position and velocity as a function of time given the acceleration, covering in detail the special case of constant acceleration. Then we will generalize to motion in two dimensions discussing topics such as projectile motion and circular motion.

Newton's Laws will be introduced and the discussion of systems of forces on an object will create new opportunities for motion problems such as: an object moving on an inclined plane, Attwood's machine, objects suspended by cables, pulley machines, friction, etc. The forces involved in circular motion will be discussed and after energy and linear momentum are covered, circular motion will be covered in full.

The law of conservation of energy will be introduced. Knowledge of the energy of an object due to its velocity (kinetic energy) and position (potential energy), and the change in energy caused by external forces (work) will give you new techniques for solving for the motion of an object. The motion of falling bodies will be revisited and the important case of the motion of a mass on a spring will be covered in detail.

Another conserved quantity in an isolated system is momentum. Application of the law of conservation of momentum will be useful in many situations. Collisions and other situations involving multiple particles can be solved without knowing about the forces.

Finally, rotational motion will be studied. The ideas of rotational kinematics, moment of inertia, torque and angular acceleration, angular momentum and rotational energy will be used to solve problems involving rotating bodies. Combined linear and rotational motion will also be encountered.

List of topics 124

The motion of extended bodies (objects larger than points) with applied forces and torques will be studied. The special case of objects in equilibrium, ie zero acceleration, will be considered to solve many common problems.

The force of gravity will be studied including: the motion of objects in an inverse r-squared force field, gravitational potential energy, satellite and planetary motion.

Basic fluid mechanics, bouyant force, Bernoulli's equation will be covered.

Because of its importance, the harmonic oscillator will be studied in detail. The time dependence of position, velocity and acceleration in simple harmonic motion will be discussed in many applications. Wave motion will be discussed in general and also in specific media such as sound waves and waves on a string.

Approximately one third of the term will be dedicated to thermodynamics including: temperature, thermal properties, the ideal gas, heat and energy transfer, kinetic theory of gases, the Boltzman distribution, entropy and heat engines of various types.

Assignments

Your success in this course will be based on how well you can apply your knowledge and do problems. There will be many sources of problems and their solutions: examples in the book, examples in class, homework, quizzes and exams. The only way to do well at solving problems is to practice. For the most part, you will be assigned problems that have solutions worked out in the text materials.

  • Start working on your homework problems as soon as they're assigned, you need time to process, analyze, and understand how to get to the solution. If you can't do a problem, don't just read the solution - understand the failure in your knowledge or thought process, it's how you will learn to do problems for the exams. You should also read the problems at the end of the chapters to see what can be asked; try to classify the problems and ask yourself if you think you can do each type of problem.
  • Study the chapter (minus any sections specifically excluded) and pay particular attention to the examples worked in the text. They often illustrate important techniques that you use to solve problems. You should try to work the example problems on your own after studying them.
  • Look at the day's chapter before each class (take about 10 minutes), it will help greatly to have a preview of the ideas that you will be learning.

    Grades

    Your grade will be based on quizzes (70 points), midterm (70 points), and final exam (100 points). There will be a quiz every class except the first, the midterm day and the day of the final. The best 7 out of 9 quizzes will be counted.
    Makeups will not be given for quizzes. A makeup of an exam will be given only upon the request of the student's Dean.

    Class Schedule and Homework Assignments for 2014.


    May 27: Read Chapter 1.1 to 1.6. Study Chapter 1.7 to 1.9. Study Chapter 2.1 to 2.5. Thoroughly study examples 2.7 and 2.8. Problems: 1.39, 2.23, 2.46, 2.64, 2.72, 2.94a.
    May 29: Study Chapter 3.1 to 3.4, Read Chapter 9.1 and 9.3. Problems: 3.16, 3.21 (plus angle it hits ground), 3.25a, 3.29 (plus omega).
    June 3: Study Chapter 4 and Chapter 5.1 - 5.3 (or as far as we get). Problems: 4.5, 4.19, 5.27, 5.29a,b.
    June 5: Study Chapter 5. Problems: 5.9, 5.37, 5.53, 5.97, 5.114, 5.115.
    June 10: Study Chapter 1.10 on the scalar product, Chapter 6.1, 6.2, 6.4, 7.1, 7.3. Problems: 6.19, 6.23, 6.55, 7.5. You use PE ideas from Chapter 7 in the Chapter 6 problems.
    June 12: Study Chapter 6.3, 7.2, 7.4, 7.5. Problems: 6.37, 6.43, 6.81, 7.19, 7.21, 7.72.
    June 17: Midterm Exam
    June 19: Study Chapter 8.1 to 8.5, 10.1, from 1.10 the vector product in component description. Problems: 8.7, 8.21, 8.39 (as modified), 8.48, 8.51, 8.85a, 8.107, 10.3.
    June 24: Study Chapter 9.1 to 9.5. Problems: 9.11, 9.20, 9.29c, 9.45, 9.83 without friction, 9.87, 9.91.
    June 26: Study Chapter 10.1 to 10.6. Problems: 10.3, 10.11, 10.31, 10.45, 10.63, 10.73, 10.77a.
    July 1: review
    July 3: Final Exam


    July 7: Study Chapter 11. Problems: 11.4, 11.7, 11.13a, 11.15, 11.25.
    July 9: Study Chapter 13.1 to 13.4. Read 13.5 to 13.8. Problems: 13.1, 13.43, 13.49a&b, 13.65, 13.71, velocity and period of "treetops" satellite.
    July 14: Study Chapter 12.1 to 12.5. Problems: 12.19, 12.27, 12.43, 12.61, 12.91.
    July 16: Study Chapter 14.1 to 14.6, read Chapter 14.7 and 14.8. Problems: 14.7, 14.11, 14.27, 14.49, 14.20a.
    July 21: Study Chapter 14.4 - 14.6, read 14.7 - 14.8, the parts of Chapter 15 done in class.. Problems: 14.45, 14.49, 14.56, 15.7a-c, 15.41a-b, 15.47, 15.49.
    July 23: Read Chapter 16 except study intensity in decibels and Doppler effect. Problems: 16.20, 16.21, 16.22, 16.45, 16.49.
    July 28: Midterm Exam
    July 30: Study Chapter 17 and 18 as done in class. Problems: 17.14, 17.27, 17.42, 17.49, 17.57, 17.63, 17.105, 18.7, 18.37.
    Aug 4: Study Chapter 19.1 to 19.7. Problems: 19.9, 19.19, 19.23, 19.63, handout.
    Aug 6: Study Chapter 19.8, Chapter 20.1 to 20.5, 20.7, read 20.6, not 20.8. Problems: 19.29, 20.9, 20.25, 20.47, 20.40 as exam practice.
    Aug 11:
    Aug 13: Final Exam